It measures 84 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 360 inches and a crown spread of 67 feet.Tree CharacteristicsShape: Oval, Rounded or UmbrellaFoliage: Deciduous, Deltoid, Light Green, Gold, Deciduous.Height: 40 - 80 feet.Width: 30 - 50 feet.Flowers: Inconspicuous. It is dioecious, meaning it can have either male or female reproductive parts. In closed stands, the trunk may as… Aigeiros. It is one of three species in Populus sect. Some species, such as the Fremont and narrowleaf cottonwoods, live up to 150 years. Raptors often use cottonwoods for nest sites. A classic favorite for landscape focal points and a good choice for any location where shade is desired. Fremont cottonwoods are distributed throughout the southwestern United States, from California eastward to Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas, and southward into Mexico. HABITAT: RANGE: The cottonwood grows mainly throughout the South Western United States. The lanceleaf cottonwood (Populus acuminata), hardy in … Fremont’s Cottonwood (Populus Fremontii) Named after an American explorer in 19 th Century, Fremont’s Cottonwood is sometimes also called Alamo Cottonwood. Fremont cottonwood has been widely planted as an ornamental and a shade tree, and used as a windbreak throughout the southwestern United States. 5 Leaves are smooth and triangular, 2 – 3 inches (5 – 7.5 cm) long, slightly broader than long, with a rather abrupt tip. It has a self-supporting growth form. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Hollowed trees are used by hibernating bears and sometimes bats. Longevity 40 to 150 years. The tree has a moderate life span relative to other plants and a rapid growth rate. Beavers use cottonwood for making dams and lodges and eat the bark for food. Plant cottonwoods only if your house has a large expanse of outdoor land for maximum effect. Some of the grand old cottonwoods in the Rio Grande Valley have reached 90 feet in height, with trunks five feet across. Twigs were used by the Pima for basket materials. Floodplain elevation (and soil moisture) influenced shoot growth rate to different degrees among the 3 species. Goodding willow and Fremont cottonwood seedlings showed zonation in the floodplain, while salt cedar was equally abundant in zones with saturated and dry surface soils. Cottonwoods are fast-growing trees, adding about 3 feet to their height each year. The Fremont cottonwood life history has multiple affects on … This type of cottonwood originates from the southwestern US and is highly prevalent in states such as Arizona, Nevada, Idaho, Colorado, and Texas to name a few. Fremont cottonwood grows only on wet soil and is an indicator of permanent water and shade. NATIVE OR NON-NATIVE: The Fremont Cottonwood Tree is native to Colorado. The Rio Grande cottonwood, a welcome sight to pioneers in the desert because it often signaled water, typically reaches 50 to 60 feet in height, with a trunk of three feet in diameter. 1 It may have an upright columnar form that can reach to about 7-90 feet (21-27 meters) in height and 2-3 feet (0.6-0.9 meters) in diameter. Fremont cottonwood was used in the past by settlers and ranchers for fuel and fence posts. They are native to United States and North America. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Populus fremontii . We're on the ground in seven regions across the country, collaborating with 53 state and territory affiliates to reverse the crisis and ensure wildlife thrive. It has a broad, open crown and stout, widely spread branches. Not necessary. Livestock grazing has also been identified as a leading factor in the degradation of riparian habitats in the western United States. Water regularly until established. Fremont Cottonwood Populus fremontii S. Wats.. collect. Fremont cottonwood communities are declining as a result of human activities. Life History. Width: 30 - 50 feet. General: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a tall, stately tree with a rounded top, heart-shaped leaves, and thick gray, furrowed bark.. Fremont's Cottonwood is found along washes, rivers, and other wet areas in the Upper Sonoran (Mojave Desert Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland) life zone.Family: Willow (Salicaceae).. Other Names: . Their simple, single toothed leaves which are alternately located (Shaw 1989) provide sufficient light to surrounding leaves, but may collectively be very shading. The trees are also important for stabilizing stream banks, producing debris that provides habitat for fish, and providing erosion control and shade. Individuals can grow to 22 m. It is a photoautotroph. In 4 seconds, you will be redirected to nwfactionfund.org, the site of the National Wildlife Action Fund, a 501(c)(4) organization. When the tree is young, the bark, branches, and twigs are smooth. Individuals can grow to 22 m. EOL has data for 22 attributes, including: Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of Fremont cottonwood. Cottonwoods have a gently spreading shape, with a canopy width that ranges from 25 feet for the black cottonwood to about 50 feet for the Fremont cottonwood. The flowers are … There are only a few species of poplar trees that are classified as cottonwoods. Cottonwood trees can add 6 feet in height each year making them the fastest growing trees in North America. Fremont cottonwood is a flood-dependent species. Its leaves are shiny, triangular to heart-shaped, and light green with white veins. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. Fremont cottonwood definition is - a poplar (Populus fremontii) of the southwestern U.S. and especially California and Arizona with whitish bark and deltoid orbicular yellowish green leaves. Has Deciduous foliage. Watering. Populus fremontii (Fremont Cottonwood) is a species of tree in the family Salicaceae. Refe… Cottonwood trees feature male and female parts on separate trees (female trees are the ones that produce the cottony substance that gives the tree its name). Fremont cottonwood is a fast-growing winter-deciduous tree that may reach 60 feet (20 m) or more. They are most abundant in areas near water. The 3 main species are Populus deltoids (eastern cottonwood), Populus fremontii (Fremont’s cottonwood), and the Populus nigra (black poplar). Flooding is the primary disturbance in Fremont's cottonwood forests. President and CEO Collin O’Mara reveals in a TEDx Talk why it is essential to connect our children and future generations with wildlife and the outdoors—and how doing so is good for our health, economy, and environment. WESTERN COTTONWOOD, FREMONT COTTONWOOD, GILA COTTONWOOD. More than one-third of U.S. fish and wildlife species are at risk of extinction in the coming decades. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Rounded or Spreading Shape. It is one of the largest of some 40 species of Populus and is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the western United States. Scientific Name: Populus fremontii. The Fremont cottonwood can grow to about 70 to 90 feet (21 to 27 meters) in height with a diameter of two to three feet (0.6 to 0.9 meters). Fremont cottonwood was the … Fremont's cottonwood propagates primarily from seed rather than asexually. The leaves have coarse teeth on the margins and turn golden yellow in the fall. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Populus fremontii is dominant or co-dominant in the tree canopy with Acer negundo, Baccharis sergiloides, Fraxinus latifolia, Fraxinus velutina, Juglans hindsii, Juglans hindsii × regia, Platanus racemosa, Quercus agrifolia, Salix exigua, Salix gooddingii, Salix laevigata, Salix lasiolepis, Salix lucida ssp. Populus fremontii S. Watson – Fremont cottonwood Subordinate Taxa. Native Americans. It is dioecious, meaning it can have either male or female reproductive parts. It requires moist soil for its seeds to germinate. Best used for large scale plantings. They have a self-supporting growth form. As seedlings and young trees, cottonwood grow in dense bands along river banks; as they mature, they thin themselves out, eventually creating “gallery forests” of widely spaced trees with a high canopy and an open understory. Fremont Cottonwood Tree Description Growth Characteristics One of the fastest-growing trees, Fremont Cottonwood grows at a rate of 10 to 20 feet per year, reaching a height of up to 90 feet at maturity. The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont. Tree Characteristics. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. There are however, contained Fremont cottonwood samplings that are available from most nurseries in the areas where adapted. Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space. Also, ground-water pumping lowers local and regional water tables and reduces stream flow, which can eliminate or weaken riparian vegetation. 83 The pale grayish bark is smooth in young trees, becoming darker and deeply furrowed as the tree ages. Growth rates of 30 feet in a year have been reported. Fremont Cottonwood Bark. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. The Fremont cottonwood is a dioescious, desiduous tree. Wildlife: Horses gnaw the sweetish bark, … Identification: Habit: Populus fremontii is a deciduous tree that has an open habit with thick, broadly spread branches. Common Name: Fremont Cottonwood. A 1914 survey along the Gila River of Arizona showed 1,584 acres (641 ha) - 33% of the survey area - was occupied by Fremont and other cottonwoods. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood as an antiscorbutic. They have simple, broad leaves. Once cottonwoods start to die, cavities in the trees are used by over 40 animal species for nesting or roosting. Rabbits, deer, elk, and moose feed on the tree’s shoots and stems. Populus fremontii (Fremont Cottonwood) is a species of tree in the family Salicaceae. Forest Stewardship Notes, Washington State University Extension and DNR Small Forest Landowner Office, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, The University of Texas at Austin, The Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation, Virginia Tech, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. The Fremont cottonwood is a very fast-growing tree. They're also long-lived trees, with an average lifespan of at least 40 or 50 years. Plant Feed. The spirit images of numerous animals are housed inside its trunk. Cottonwood trees get their name from the fluffy cotton-like seeds produced by the female tree. Ditch the disposables and make the switch to sustainable products. The National Wildlife Federation is providing resources to help families and caregivers across the country provide meaningful educational opportunities and safe outdoor experiences for children during these incredibly difficult times. welcome to cottonwood life "I came that they may have life and have it abundantly" - John 10:10 livestream sermons facebook Contact; times/directions; Cottonwood LIVE! This champion Fremont Cottonwood of Arizona made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2018. It is a large tree growing from 12-35 meters in height, with a trunk up to 1.5 meter diameter. During the early days of exploration of the western United States, cottonwood groves were used as an indicator of water, as they grow only on wet soil. Cottonwoods can live for more than 130 years. Family: Salicaceae. This ancient Fremont Cottonwood stands at the entrance to a now-deserted Utah prairie homestead. Search, discover, and learn about wildlife. Unfortunately there are no released cultivars of the Fremont cottonwood. Facebook; YouTube; Google+; 273 County Rd 527, Dublin, TX 76446; 254-445-2929; The Fremont Cottonwood is a cottonwood native to North America, growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands in the southwestern part of the United States, and downwards into Mexico. In early-mid spring, clusters of long drooping catkins appear on separate male and female trees. Cottonwood can also sprout shoots from lateral buds when the apical meristem is prostrated by floodwaters, snapped off in high winds, or pruned by beaver, deer, or other wildlife. Cottonwoods dominate the riparian forests of lower terrace deposits and stabilized gravel bars. Populus fremontii, commonly known as Frémont's cottonwood , is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. The fruit they produce is a small, light brown egg-shaped capsule that splits three ways to disseminate many small seeds covered with cotton-like fluff for wind dispersal. Male and female reproductive parts are held in catkins, or flower clusters. Join us every Sunday morning at 10:45am until 12:15pm on our live stream video feed of our Sunday Worship service, plus every Wednesday night from 7-8pm! Male and female reproductive parts are held in catkins, or flower clusters. It requires moist soil for its seeds to germinate. overview; data; media; articles; maps; names Height: 40 - 80 feet. Cottonwood is a well-known, common tree along rivers and streams throughout the West.Cultivation of hybrid poplars (Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides) can produce very high yields of fiber or fuel in 2-to-8-year rotations. In open areas, the tree may divide into branches near its base, producing a spreading crown. From western Texas and northern Mexico, north to southern Colorado and west to California. Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small … lasiandra and Salix lutea. Although cottonwood trees are really attractive and add to the appeal of their surroundings, their immense size makes them unsuitable for small yards. Black cottonwood is a large deciduous tree belonging to the willow family (Salicaceae). The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. Cahuilla tribes used the wood for mortars and tools. It is native to United States and North America. In the desert, it needs weekly watering during hot weather if roots cannot tap the water table. Native: Southwestern United StatesGeneral Notes:A Populus fremontii in Riverdale is registered as a California Big Tree. The Fremont cottonwood is a tree that grows in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands in the American Southwest. Fast-growing, Populus fremontii (Western Cottonwood) is an upright-spreading deciduous tree with stout branches clad with heart-shaped, bright green leaves turning a lovely yellow in fall. Fremont’s cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. Fremont Cottonwood has simple, broad leaves. This Fremont Cottonwood is the largest specimen of Fremont Cottonwood, which also makes it the largest flowering plant in the United States. Fremont Cottonwood is native to the western regions of North America. The cottonwood tree is a hardwood tree that loses its leaves in the fall. Anywhere, any time. The Fremont cottonwood is a very fast-growing tree. http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0900033, http://eol.org/schema/terms/self-supportingGrowthForm, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0020042, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002359, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0007484, http://purl.dataone.org/odo/ECSO_00001143, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002303, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0019932, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0008548, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001731, http://eol.org/schema/terms/NonInvasiveRange, http://eol.org/schema/terms/photosyntheticPathway, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0900032, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0900022, http://eol.org/schema/terms/terrestrialPlant, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terrestrial_plant, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ECOCORE_00000130. Uniting all Americans to ensure wildlife thrive in a rapidly changing world, Inspire a lifelong connection with wildlife and wild places through our children's publications, products, and activities, National Wildlife Federation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. Sponsored Links: In southwest Phoenix I found many trees defoliated by the activities of a minute leaf miner that … The bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieveswelling, treat wounds, and cure headaches. The black cottonwood tree may grow a bit slower. … As one of the major overstory trees in riparian areas of the western United States, and since riparian areas are some of the most productive wildlife habitats, the Fremont cottonwood is one of the most important plant species to western wildlife. Cottonwood LIVE! These trees have been very important to the native people living in North America. Because of the land use in arid watersheds, the cottonwood riparian forests have been significantly decreased or destroyed. Or go to our livestream page and rewatch any of our services in our archives! As the tree ages, the bark becomes deeply furrowed with cracks. On mature trees, the ash-gray bark is divided into thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures. Populus fremontii ssp. The flowers are yellow-green in color and appear in early spring. Uses. Many insects—and the birds and other predators that feed on them—thrive in cottonwoods. Grayish bark is smooth in young trees, with an average lifespan of at least 40 or 50 years desert. Of permanent water and shade leaves have coarse teeth on the tree ages, the cottonwood grows only wet! Water table die, cavities in the fall produced by the female tree livestream and! 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