Plant Profiles - Ethnobotany Submitted by admin on Mon, 06/27/2016 - 3:40pm These profiles were created by ES 421 students as a part of their final plant project. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Black Cottonwood contains a large amount of rooting hormone, just like willows, so it is useful for plant propagation. Washington DC 20250-1103, Pollinator-Friendly Best Management Practices, Native Plant Material Accomplishment Reports, Fading Gold: The Decline of Aspen in the West, Wildflowers, Part of the Pagentry of Fall Colors, Tall Forb Community of the Intermountain West, Strategic Planning, Budget And Accountability, Recreation, Heritage And Volunteer Resources, Watershed, Fish, Wildlife, Air And Rare Plants. trichocarpa. Black cottonwood catkins. trichocarpa temporarily flooded woodland alliance Calveg: Black cottonwood Holland: North Coast black cottonwood riparian forest, Montane black cottonwood riparian forest Munz Habitat: In Washington state, this tree can be found along wetlands, streambanks, lake shores, and moist woods. Black cottonwoods are very fast growing and are easy to propagate with stem cuttings. A cottonwood in Willamette Mission State Park near Salem, Oregon, holds the national and world records. During the late spring, seeds are released in the wind with fine hairs. Last measured in April, 2008, this black cottonwood was found to be standing at 155 ft (47 m) tall, 29 ft (8.8 m) around, with 527 points. Economic uses of the black cottonwood include course lumber and the manufacture of wood products such as paper. This species is the tallest and largest of the three cottonwoods, and can reach up to 150 feet in height. Also like willows, leaf buds contain salicin which is a powerful anti-inflamatory and pain-reducer. black bears in anchorage, alaska. The root systems help stabilize the soil, which is especially important for the restoration and conservation of riparian (river) areas they are commonly found growing in. The wood is also used for fuel. The aggressive root systems of black cottonwood are effective soil Pojar, J and MacKinnon, A. Brayshaw Black Cottonwood USDA POBAT […] The tree, a member of the Salicaceae (willow family) can reach to 100 feet tall, and achieve a 6 foot trunk diameter. During spring and summer, the light green leaves of the tall trees often indicate a source of water in the deserts the Great Basin or Modoc Plateau. Both Cottonwood Trees and Willow Trees produce their own rooting hormone, called auxin. Black cottonwood is a large deciduous tree belonging to the willow family (Salicaceae). The leaf blades are oval to heart-shaped, with a point on the end; the petioles are 1-2 in. Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (POBA2) Though not as showy as the leaves of their famous (but less common) relative, the quaking aspen, the leaves turn a beautiful yellow in autumn. The limbs bear alternate leaves which are simple, broadly ovate and 3”-5” long. Ethnobotany Black cottonwood resin has disinfectant properties and has been used by Coast Salish people for sore throats and coughs as well as being applied directly to wounds to prevent infection. Populus balsamifera ssp. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Effect of harvest cycle and spacing on productivity of black cottonwood in intensive culture. This native tree grows rapidly. Black Cottonwood contains a large amount of rooting hormone, just like willows, so it is useful for plant propagation. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 1 1: 1 18-1 23. , AND R. F. STETTLER. The fluffy seeds can travel 20 miles on a breeze, they can be carried on streams and rivers and rest in a vernal pool. Biomass production in a 4-year plantation. Black cottonwood is a Pacific Northwest native deciduous tree which can eventually grow to a height of 150’ with a width of 40’. WSDOT Ethnobotany and Cultural Resources M 3120.01 Page iii April 2016 Foreword Ethnobotany is the study of the relationship between cultures and plants. Names: Black Cottonwood is also known as Balsam Poplar. Title: Black Cottonwood - Native Plant Trail Sign Native Americans and herbal products companies use the resin for medicinal purposes as well, particularly for respiratory ailments. Tolerates moisture. They inhabit riparian areas, especially along streams. The pale yellow sapwood is usually very thin, and is clearly demarcated from the darker heartwood. The Spanish name for cottonwoods is “álamo,” leading the conclusion that the proper Spanish name for this tree is “álamo negro.” This name has lent itself to some famous places in America, such as the Alamo in San Antonio, site of a famous battle for Texan independence, as well as Los Alamos, New Mexico, site of American nuclear laboratories. The balsam used by churches is often derived from another subspecies, P. balsamifera ssp. Flowers/Fruits: drooping catkins. Distribution: Widely distributed tree in western North America, Alaska to California, as far east as North Dakota. For questions regarding the UWB/CC Plant Tour, contact Sarah at severlin@uw.edu. Brayshaw – black cottonwood Subordinate Taxa. It grows in my backyard along the Raging River and throughout the Snoqualmie Valley. It is one of the largest of some 40 species of Populus and is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the western United States. 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